Community Forest Resource:
Chhattisgarh has become only the second state in the country to recognise Community Forest Resource (CFR) rights of a village inside a Kanger Ghati National Park.
- While CFR rights are an important empowerment tool, getting a consensus amongst various villages about their traditional boundaries often proves a challenge.
- In 2016, the Odisha government was the first to recognise Community Forest Resources (CFRs) inside the Simlipal National Park.
Kanger Ghati National Park:
- Kanger Valley National Park is located in the Bastar district (Near Jagdalpur) of the state of Chhattisgarh.
- The Kanger Valley National park is also known as Kanger Ghati National Park.
- It was declared as a National park in the year of 1982. Total area of the park is about 200 Km2.
- The national Park is situated on the valley of river Kanger. The park derives its name from the Kanger River, which flows throughout its length.
- The Park is a typical mixed humid deciduous type of forest, in which the Sal, Saugaun, teak and bamboo trees are available in abundance.
- The most popular species in this area is Bastar Maina which enchant everyone with their human voice.
Community Forest Resource (CFR)
- It is the common forest land that has been traditionally protected and conserved for sustainable use by a particular community.
- The community uses it to access resources available within the traditional and customary boundary of the village; and for seasonal use of landscape in case of pastoralist communities.
- Each CFR area has a customary boundary with identifiable landmarks recognised by the community and its neighboring villages.
- It may include forest of any category – revenue forest, classified & unclassified forest, deemed forest, District Level Committee (DLC) land, reserve forest, protected forest, sanctuary and national parks etc.