Global Gender Gap Index, 2022:
India ranks 135 among a total of 146 countries in the Global Gender Gap Index, 2022, released by the World Economic Forum. In 2021, India ranked 140 out of 156 nations.
- The country is the worst performer in the world in the “health and survival” sub-index in which it is ranked 146.
- The Global Gender Report, 2022, which includes the index, says it will now take 132 years to reach gender parity, with the gap reducing only by four years since 2021 and the gender gap closed by 68.1%.
- India ranks 146 in health and survival, 143 in economic participation and opportunity, 107 in educational attainment and 48 in political empowerment.
- The report notes that India’s score of 0.629 was its seventh-highest score in the past 16 years.
- India ranks poorly among its neighbours and is behind Bangladesh (71), Nepal (96), Sri Lanka (110), Maldives (117) and Bhutan (126). Only the performance of Iran (143), Pakistan (145) and Afghanistan (146) was worse than India in South Asia.
- The Global Gender Gap Index benchmarks gender parity across four key dimensions or sub-indices — economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment.
- It measures scores on a 0-to-100 scale, which can be interpreted as the distance covered towards parity or the percentage of the gender gap that has been closed.