Homi J Bhabha Death Anniversary:
Homi Jehangir Bhabha (born 30th October 1909, Mumbai, India) and died on 24th January, 1966 was a pioneering Indian physicist.
- He is regarded as the father of India’s nuclear programme. He saw the importance of nuclear power as a military deterrent and source of energy, and laid the foundation of India’s nuclear establishment.
- He founded and directed two of the institutions that would bring India into the nuclear age: the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and the Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay, later renamed the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in his honour.
- India’s three-stage nuclear power programme was formulated by Homi Bhabha in the 1950s.
- Bhabha was the first Indian to receive the Adams Prize in 1942, the highest honour given by the University of Cambridge.
- Bhabha received the award for his “theory of the elementary particles and their interactions”.
- He was also awarded the Padma Bhushan.