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Household Consumption Expenditure Survey

Household Consumption Expenditure Survey:

The government released the broad findings of the All India Household Consumption Expenditure Survey carried out between August 2022 and July 2023.

  • Household Consumption Expenditure Survey is usually conducted by the National Statistical Office (NSO) every five years.
  • This survey aims at generating estimates of household Monthly Per Capita Consumption Expenditure (MPCE) and its distribution separately for the rural and urban sectors of the country, for States and Union Territories, and for different socio-economic groups.

Highlights of the survey:

  • The average monthly per capita consumption expenditure (MPCE) in Indian households rose by 33.5% since 2011-12 in urban households to ₹3,510, with rural India’s MPCE seeing a 40.42% increase over the same period to hit ₹2,008.
  • The proportion of spending on food has dropped to 46.4% for rural households from 52.9% in 2011-12, while their urban peers spent just 39.2% of their overall monthly outgoes on food compared with 42.6% incurred 11 years earlier.
  • This reduction could translate into a lower weightage for food prices in the country’s retail inflation calculations.
  • Among the States, the MPCE is the highest in Sikkim for both rural (₹7,731) and urban areas (₹12,105).
  • It is the lowest in Chhattisgarh, where it was ₹2,466 for rural households and ₹4,483 for urban household members.