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Pilibhit Tiger Reserve: Uttar Pradesh

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve: Uttar Pradesh:

 

A herd of Elephants from Shuklaphanta National Park reached the Pilibhit Tiger Reserve (Uttar Pradesh) and damaged crops of farmers.

  • The Shuklaphanta National Park is a protected area in the Terai of the Far-Western Region, Nepal.
  • It is located in Pilibhit district, Lakhimpur Kheri District and Bahraich District of Uttar Pradesh.
  • It was designated as a Tiger Reserve in 2014 and was India’s 45th Tiger Reserve Project.
  • In 2020, it bagged the International Award TX2 for doubling up the number of tigers in the past four years.
  • It forms part of Terai Arc Landscape in the upper Gangetic Plain. The northern edge of the reserve lies along the Indo-Nepal border while the southern boundary is marked by the river Sharada and Khakra.

Corridor Linkages:

  • Pilibhit is an important habitat for tigers owing to its connection with several tiger habitats within the State and outside. They are used by tigers and other wild animals.
  • The important linkages are:
    • Surahi range – Corbett
    • Lagga-Bagga – Shuklaphanta National Park (Nepal)
    • Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary – Dudhwa.
  • Flora and Fauna:
    • It is home to a habitat for over 127 animals, 326 bird species and 2,100 flowering plants.
    • Wild animals include tiger, swamp deer, bengal florican, leopard, etc.
    • It has high sal forests, plantations and grasslands with several water bodies.

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