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Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Summit 2024

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Summit 2024:

The 2024 Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Summit was concluded in Astana, Kazakhstan and brought together leaders from across the region.

  • India played a prominent role, with the External Affairs Minister delivering the Prime Minister’s message that highlighted combating terrorism and addressing climate change as key priorities.

Key Highlights of SCO Summit 2024:

  • Belarus has become the 10th member state of the SCO. The Indian External Affairs Minister met with Belarusian counterpart to strengthen bilateral ties.
  • The 24th SCO Summit in Astana adopted the Astana Declaration and approved 25 strategic agreements on energy, security, trade, finance, and information security.
  • Members of the SCO adopted the SCO Development Strategy until 2035, including resolutions on combating terrorism, separatism, and extremism, anti-drug strategy, energy cooperation, economic development, and cooperation in protected areas and eco-tourism.
  • Commitments also included signing a memorandum to combat illicit drug trafficking and an interaction plan on international information security issues.
  • India’s External Affairs Minister met the Chinese Foreign Minister on the margins of the SCO Summit in Astana, Kazakhstan.
  • Both ministers emphasised the need for “complete disengagement” of troops and restoring peace along the Line of Actual Control (LAC).
  • The two ministers agreed to expedite efforts through diplomatic and military channels to resolve remaining issues in Eastern Ladakh.
  • The ‘Make in India’ initiative was highlighted as it has the potential to become a significant engine for global economic growth.
  • India expressed openness to partnering with other nations, particularly those in the Global South, for capacity building and economic development.
  • At the SCO summit, the External Affairs Minister of India urged the global community to isolate countries that harbour terrorists and condone terrorism.
  • He emphasised the need to counter cross-border terrorism and highlighted the importance of combating terrorism as a foundational goal of the SCO.
  • India has been proactive in enhancing its security-related cooperation within the SCO framework, particularly through the Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure (RATS), which focuses on security and defence issues.
  • The Russian President emphasised the SCO’s role in promoting a fair, multipolar world order.