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United Nations High Seas Treaty Began In New York

United Nations High Seas Treaty Began In New York:

A new round of negotiations on the United Nations High Seas Treaty began in New York.

  • United Nations High Seas Treaty is known as the ‘Paris Agreement for the Ocean’, and the treaty to deal with Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdictionhas been under discussion for several years.
  • The proposed treaty concerns the ocean existing beyond the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) that lie from the coast of a country to about 200 nautical miles into the sea (Countries have special rights for exploration till 200 nautical miles).
  • The treaty was to be negotiated under the United Nations Convention on Laws of the Sea (UNCLOS) of 1982.
  • United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) became effective on 16th November 1982.
  • It superseded the four Geneva Conventions of April 1958, which respectively concerned the territorial sea and the contiguous zone, the continental shelf, the high seas, fishing and conservation of living resources on the high seas.