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United Nations Relief And Works Agency For Palestinian Refugees In The Near East

United Nations Relief And Works Agency For Palestinian Refugees In The Near East:

India recently announced that it has provided US $ 2.5 million to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East or the UNRWA for the welfare of Palestinian refugees.

  • United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is a UN agency that supports the relief and human development of Palestinian refugees.
  • Following the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, UNRWA was established by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 302 (IV) of 8 December, 1949, to carry out direct relief and work programmes for Palestine refugees.
  • The agency began operations on 1 May, 1950.
  • In the absence of a solution to the Palestine refugee problem, the UNGA Assembly has repeatedly renewed UNRWA’s mandate, most recently extending it until 30 June, 2023.
  • It is one of the largest United Nations programmes, with a population of approximately 5 million registered Palestine refugees under its mandate and over 30,000 staff.
  • It provides services in its five fields of operations: Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including the East of Jerusalem.
  • UNRWA is unique in that it delivers services directly to its beneficiaries.
  • It encompasses education, health care, relief and social services, camp infrastructure and improvement, microfinance, and emergency assistance, including in times of armed conflict.
  • It is funded almost entirely by voluntary contributions from UN Member States.
  • It also receives some funding from the Regular Budget of the United Nations, which is used mostly for international staffing costs.
  • It reports only to the UNGA.
  • It was originally headquartered in Beirut, Lebanon, but was moved to Vienna, Austria, in 1978. In 1996, the General Assembly moved the agency to the Gaza Strip to demonstrate the Assembly’s commitment to the Arab-Israeli peace process.