30th Anniversary Of The Vienna Declaration And Programme Of Action:
This year marks the 30th anniversary of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action
- The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action (VDPA) is a human rights declaration adopted by consensus at the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June 1993 in Vienna, Austria.
- It affirmed the universality, indivisibility and interdependency of human rights.
- Vienna’s Right of self-determination to freely determine their political status, and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development
- Fight against impunity, including the establishment of the International Criminal Court (ICC).
- The position of United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights was recommended by this Declaration and subsequently created by General Assembly
- World Conference on Human Rights recommended that each State consider the desirability of drawing up a national action plan for the protection of human rights
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), adopted in 1948, sets out a common standard of human rights for people worldwide, regardless of their nationality, race, religion, or other status.
- It consists of two treaties i.e. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) adopted in 1966.
- Together with UDHR, ICCPR and ICESCR comprise the International Bill of Human Rights.