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Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme completed 6 years of its launch

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme:

 

The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme has recently completed 6 years of its launch in 2015. On the occasion of National Girl Child Day (24th January), the performance of the BBBP scheme was discussed.

  • The National Girl Child Day was started by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in 2008.

About the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme:

Main Objectives:

  • Prevention of gender-biased sex-selective elimination.
  • Ensuring survival & protection of the girl child.
  • Ensuring education and participation of the girl child.
  • Protecting rights of Girl child.

Multisectoral Nationwide Campaign:

  • BBBP is a national campaign and focussed multisectoral action in 100 selected districts low in Child Sex Ratio (CSR), covering all States and UTs.
  • This is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Human Resource Development.

Performance of BBBP Scheme:

  • Sex Ratio at Birth:
    • Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) has improved by 16 points from 918 (2014-15) to 934 (2019-20), as per the Health Management Information System (HMIS) data.
    • Out of 640 districts covered under BBBP, 422 districts have shown improvement in SRB from 2014-15 to 2018-2019.
  • Notable Examples:
    • Mau (Uttar Pradesh) from 694 (2014-15) to 951 (2019-20),
    • Karnal (Haryana) from 758 (2014-15) to 898 (2019-20),
    • Mahendergarh (Haryana) from 791 (2014-15) to 919 (2019-20), etc.
  • Health:
    • ANC Registration: Percentage of 1st Trimester ANC (AnteNatal Care) Registration has shown an improving trend from 61% in 2014-15 to 71% in 2019-20.
    • Institutional Deliveries: Percentage of Institutional Deliveries has shown an improving trend from 87% in 2014-15 to 94% in 2019-20.
  • Education :
    • Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER): GER of girls in the schools at the secondary level has improved from 77.45 (2014-15) to 81.32 (2018-19) as per Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE) provisional data.

Toilet for girls: The percentage of schools with functional separate toilets for girls has shown improvement from 92.1% in 2014-15 to 95.1% in 2018-19.

  • The BBBP scheme has been able to bring the focus on the important issues of female infanticide, lack of education amongst girls, and deprivation of their rights on a life cycle continuum.
  • BetiJanmotsav is one of the key programs celebrated in each district.

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