Foreign Exchange Management Act : RBI Released a Draft
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) recently released a draft ‘Licensing Framework for Authorised Persons (APs)’ under the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA), 1999.
- FEMA came in 1999 as a successor to the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, or FERA, of 1973, with changing economic conditions in a post-liberalisation India.
- The main objective of FEMA is to facilitate external trade and payments and promote the orderly development and maintenance of the foreign exchange market in India.
- FEMA deals with provisions relating to procedures, formalities, dealings, etc. of foreign exchange transactions in India.
- The FEMA regulates various aspects of foreign exchange transactions, including the acquisition and holding of foreign exchange, the payment and settlement of foreign exchange transactions, the export and import of currency, and other related activities.
- The act also empowers the RBI to make rules and regulations to carry out the provisions of the act.
- Violations of the provisions of FEMA can result in penalties and fines.
- FEMA’s head office is known as the Enforcement Directorate and is situated in Delhi.
- It is applicable to the whole of India and equally applicable to the agencies and offices located outside India (which are owned or managed by an Indian Citizen).
- Section 2(c) of the FEMA states that ‘authorised person’ means an authorised dealer, money changer, off-shore banking unit, or any other person authorised under section 10 (1) to deal in foreign exchange and foreign securities.
- These are authorised by the RBI to deal in foreign exchange or in foreign securities.