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Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021

Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021:

The Jal Shakti Ministry launched Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021 or rural cleanliness survey 2021 under Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase-II.

  • Before this, the Swachh Survekshan Grameen had been carried out by the Ministry in 2018 and 2019.
  • The Swachh Survekshan Urban 2021 is to be announced. It was introduced by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) in 2016.

Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2021:

  • Assesses the state of hygiene, cleanliness and sanitation in rural India as a part of the Centre’s initiative to award Open Defecation Free (ODF) Plus status to villages.
  • ODF-plus status aims to ensure management of solid as well as liquid waste and is an upgradation of ODF status in which construction of adequate toilets was required so that people did not have to defecate in the open.
  • It is carried out by an expert agency.
  • Coverage: As part of the 2021 rural cleanliness survey, as many as 17,475 villages spanning across 698 districts would be covered.
  • Weightage to Different Elements:
    • Direct Observation of sanitation at public places -30%
    • Citizen’s Feedback -35%
    • Service Level Progress on sanitation related parameters -35%

Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) Phase-II:

  • It emphasizes the sustainability of achievements under phase I and to provide adequate facilities for Solid/Liquid & plastic Waste Management (SLWM) in rural India.
  • It will be implemented from 2020-21 to 2024-25 in a mission mode with a total outlay of Rs. 1,40,881 crores.
    The fund sharing pattern between Centre and States will be 90:10 for North-Eastern States and Himalayan States and UT of J&K; 60:40 for other States; and 100% for other Union Territories.
  • Funding Norms for SLWM have been rationalized and changed to per capita basis in place of the number of households