2nd Phase Of The Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban And Atal Mission For Rejuvenation And Urban Transformation (AMRUT):
The government has launched the 2nd phase of the Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) to make cities free of garbage, ensuring safe water, and not allow any untreated water discharge into any of the rivers in the country.
Achievement till now:
- 100% Open Defecation Free (ODF)
- 70% of wastes in Indian Cities are being processed (from 20% back in 2014): India is processing about one lakh tonne of waste every day.
- Behavioral Changes: Cleanliness has become a great campaign. PM cited that Children no longer throw Toffee wrappers around but keep them in the pocket to be disposed of in the dustbin later
- National Respect and Pride: The successes of the two missions have given citizens respect, dignity, pride in collective ambition, and unmatched love for the motherland.
- Enhanced finances: Allocation of the fund to the Urban Development Ministry increased from 25 lakh Crore (2007-2014) to 4 lakh Crore (2014-2021)
Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 (SBM-U)
- To make all cities 100% ‘garbage free’ from current 70%
- Ensure grey and black water management in all cities other than those covered under AMRUT
- Make all urban local bodies as ODF+ and those with a population of less than 1 lakh as ODF++
- Focus on source segregation of solid waste by utilizing the principles of 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle)
- Scientific processing of all types of municipal solid waste and remediation of legacy dumpsites for effective solid waste management
- 100% coverage of water supply to all households in around 4,700 urban local bodies by providing about 68 crore tap connections
- 100% coverage of sewerage and septage in 500 AMRUT cities by providing around 64 crore sewers/ septage connections
- Adopt the principles of Circular Economy (Generating wealth from waste using 3Rs)
- Promote conservation and rejuvenation of surface and groundwater bodies
- Data led governance in water management
- Technology Sub-Mission to leverage latest global technologies and skills
- ‘Pey Jal Survekshan’: To promote competition among cities