India Energy Outlook 2021 Report : Key Points

India Energy Outlook 2021 Report:

The International Energy Agency (IEA) has released the India Energy Outlook 2021 Report which explores the opportunities and challenges ahead for India as it seeks to ensure reliable, affordable, and sustainable energy for a growing population.

  • The India Energy Outlook 2021 is a new special report from the IEA’s World Energy Outlook series.

Key findings:

  • India will make up the biggest share of energy demand growth at 25% over the next two decades, as it overtakes the European Union as the world’s third-biggest energy consumer by 2030.
  • India’s energy consumption is expected to nearly double as the nation’s gross domestic product (GDP) expands to an estimated $8.6 trillion by 2040 under its current national policy scenario.
  • India’s growing energy needs will make it more reliant on fossil fuel imports as its domestic oil and gas production has been stagnant for years despite government policies to promote petroleum exploration and production and renewable energy.
  • India’s oil demand is expected to rise to 8.7 million barrels per day (BPD) in 2040 from about 5 million BPD in 2019, the IEA said, while its refining capacity will reach 6.4 million BPD by 2030 and 7.7 million BPD by 2040, from 5 million BPD.
  • The world’s second-biggest net oil importer after China currently imports about 76% of its crude oil needs. That reliance on overseas oil is expected to rise to 90% by 2030 and 92% by 2040.
  • Rising oil demand could double India’s oil import bill to about $181 billion by 2030 and nearly treble it to $255 billion by 2040 compared with 2019.

Third Largest Energy Consumer by 2030:

  • India will make up the biggest share of energy demand growth at 25% over the next two decades, as it overtakes the European Union as the world’s third-biggest energy consumer by 2030.
  • Presently, India is the fourth-largest global energy consumer behind China, the United States and the European Union.
  • India’s energy consumption is expected to nearly double as the nation’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expands to an estimated USD 8.6 trillion by 2040 under its current national policy scenario.
  • Prior to the global pandemic, India’s energy demand was projected to increase by almost 50% between 2019 and 2030, but growth over this period is now closer to 35%.

Industrialization is a Major Driving Force:

  • Over the last three decades, India accounted for about 10% of World Growth in Industrial Value-added [in Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) terms].
  • By 2040, India is set to account for almost 20% of Global Growth in Industrial value-added, and to lead global growth in industrial final energy consumption, especially in steelmaking.

Reliance on Imports:

  • India’s growing energy needs will make it more reliant on fossil fuel imports as its domestic oil and gas production has been stagnant for years despite government policies to promote petroleum exploration and production and renewable energy.
  • Rising oil demand could double India’s oil import bill to about USD 181 billion by 2030 and nearly treble it to USD 255 billion by 2040 compared with 2019.

Oil Demand:

  • India’s oil demand is seen rising by 74% to 8.7 million barrels per day by 2040 under the existing policies scenario.
  • A five-fold increase in per capita car ownership will result in India leading the oil demand growth in the world.
  • Its net dependence on oil imports – taking into account both the import of crude oil and the export of oil products – increases to more than 90% by 2040 from the current 75% as domestic consumption rises much more than production.

Gas Demand:

  • India will become the fastest-growing market for Natural gas, with demand more than tripling by 2040.
  • Natural gas import dependency increased from 20% in 2010 to almost 50% in 2019 and is set to grow further to more than 60% in 2040.

Coal Demand:

  • Coal currently dominates India’s electricity sector, accounting for over 70% of overall generation.
  • Coal demand is seen rising to 772 million tonnes in 2040 from the current 590.

Renewables Energy Resources Demand:

  • India’s share in the growth in renewable energy is the second-largest in the world, after China.

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