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Revolutionary Freedom Fighter Shyamji Krishna Varma

Revolutionary Freedom Fighter Shyamji Krishna Varma:

The Prime Minister paid tributes to revolutionary freedom fighter Shyamji Krishna Varma on his birth anniversary (4th October).

  • Shyamji Krishna Varma was born on 4th October, 1857 in Mandvi town of Kachchh district of Gujarat.
  • He was an expert in Sanskrit and other languages.
  • His deep knowledge of the Sanskrit language caught the attention of Monier Williams, a professor of the subject in Oxford University.
  • He was inspired by Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Swami Dayanand Saraswati and Herbert Spencer.
  • He founded the Indian Home Rule Society, India House and The Indian Sociologist in London.
  • Indian Home Rule Society and the India House worked towards inspiring youngsters in Britain to take up revolutionary activities against their own representatives in India.
  • The monthly Indian Sociologist became an outlet for nationalist ideas and through the Indian Home Rule Society, he criticised the British rule in India.
  • Varma became the first President of Bombay Arya Samaj. He inspired Veer Savarkar who was a member of India House in London. Verma also served as the Divan of a number of states in India.
  • Swami Dayanand Saraswati was the founder of the Hindu reform organisation Arya Samaj.
  • He was a barrister in London, when in 1905, he was barred from practising law by the Inner Temple following charges of sedition for writing against the colonial government.
  • The move was significant as the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple is one of the four professional associations for barristers and judges in London.
  • He was posthumously reinstated by the Inner Temple in 2015 after the Inn’s governing council noted that Varma “did not receive an entirely fair hearing”.
  • In the face of criticism by the British, Varma shifted his base from England to Paris and continued his movement.
  • After the outbreak of the First World War (1914-18), however, he moved to Geneva in Switzerland and spent the rest of his life there. He died on 30th March, 1930.