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Two-State Solution

Two-State Solution:

India said that it was one of the first countries to recognise Palestine and has long supported the two-state solution to end the Israel-Palestine conflict.

  • Two-state solution has long been proposed as the best hope for peace in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
  • It would see an independent Palestinian state established alongside the existing one of Israel, giving both peoples their own territory.
  • In 1947, the United Nations agreed a plan partitioning Palestine into Arab and Jewish states with international rule over Jerusalem. Jewish leaders accepted the plan, which gave them 56% of the land.
  • The state of Israel was declared on May 14, 1948. A day later, five Arab states attacked.
  • The war ended with Israel controlling 77% of the territory.
  • Some 700,000 Palestinians fled or were driven from their homes, ending up in Jordan, Lebanon and Syria as well as in the Gaza Strip, the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
  • In a 1967 war, Israel captured the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, from Jordan and Gaza from Egypt, securing control of all territory from the Mediterranean to the Jordan valley.
  • The Palestinians remain stateless, with most living under Israeli occupation or as refugees in neighbouring states.