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Zojila Pass

Zojila Pass:

The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) recently reopened the strategic Zojila Pass that acts as a gateway between the union territories of Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir.

  • Zojila Pass, also known as ‘The Mountain Pass of Blizzards’, is a strategic pass that connects Kashmir Valley to Ladakh.
  • It is located on the Srinagar-Kargil-Leh highway (NH-1) at a height of 11,650 feet.
  • The pass remains closed for almost half of the year due to heavy snowfall.
  • It was the site of the Indo-Pakistan War of 1947-48.
  • It was captured by militias aided by the Pakistan Army in 1848, with the ultimate aim of capturing Ladakh.
  • However, the pass itself was captured by the Indian Army on 1st November 1948 in an assault codenamed Operation Bison.
  • Zojila Tunnel is an under-construction tunnel situated at an altitude of 11,578 ft (around 3,500 metres) on the Srinagar-Leh Highway in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • The tunnel would provide all-weather connectivity between Srinagar and Leh on NH-1 with total Length: 14.15 km.