Today’s Current Affairs: 8th Sep 2023 for UPSC IAS exams, State PSC exams, SSC CGL, State SSC, RRB, Railways, Banking Exam & IBPS, etc
Table of Contents
Africa Climate Summit 2023:
Africa Climate Summit 2023 was inaugurated.
- Highlighting the urgent need for regional and global action, President William Ruto reminded us while inaugurating the Africa Climate Summit, 2023 (ACW23) on September 4, 2023, in Nairobi, Kenya.
- Africa Climate Summit 2023 was From 4th to 6th September 2023.
- Venue: Nairobi, Kenya. (Africa)
- The summit aims to address the increasing exposure to climate change and its associated costs, both globally and particularly in Africa.
- At the Africa Climate Summit, leaders will be called upon to make ambitious pledges and commitments.
- A comprehensive “Pledging and Commitment Framework” will be developed to guide these actions.
- The outcomes of the summit are critical for the African continent to arrive at a consensus and mobilize action in the lead-up to the upcoming 28th Conference of Parties (COP28) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to be hosted in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
- Theme & Focus Areas:-
- Climate Action Financing.
- Green Growth Agenda for Africa.
- Climate Action and Economic Development.
- Global Capital optimization.
Gramodyog Vikas Yojna : Distribution Of Honey Bee-Boxes And Toolkits
The Lieutenant Governor of Delhi, Shri Vinai Kumar Saxena, distributed Honey Bee-Boxes and Toolkits under the ‘Gramodyog Vikas Yojna’ recently.
- The Lieutenant Governor of Delhi, Shri Vinai Kumar Saxena, distributed Honey Bee-Boxes and Toolkits to 130 beneficiaries.
- The program was organized under the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, State Office Delhi, Government of India.
- Addressing the occasion, Shri Vinai Kumar Saxena emphasized the vital role played by the Khadi and Village Industries Commission in generating employment opportunities in rural India.
Gramodyog Vikas Yojna:-
- Launched: March 2020.
- Ministry: Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME)
- Objective: assisting and developing of agarbatti industry and its artisans.
- The programme aims to enhance the production of ‘Agarbatti’ in the country.
- It aims to create sustainable employment for the traditional Artisans, by providing them with regular employment and an increase in their wages.
National Teachers Award 2023:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi interacted with the winners of the National Teachers Award 2023.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi interacted with the winners at his official residence in New Delhi on the eve of Teachers’ Day.
- Seventy-five award winners participated in the interaction.
- The Prime Minister appreciated the efforts of teachers in nurturing the young minds of the country.
National Teachers Award 2023:-
- Objective is to recognize the distinctive contributions of some of the finest faculty members in the country and honor them.
- The Award seeks to recognize and honour the unique and path-breaking achievements of faculty members in teaching, research, institutional service, community outreach, and novelty of work in the field of higher education.
- The ceremony is held on 5th September every year.
- The award is open to all the faculty members of colleges/universities/higher educational institutions in India, satisfying the following conditions:-
- Should be a regular faculty member.
- Should have at least five years of full-time teaching experience at the Undergraduate and/or Post-graduate level.
- Should not be above 55 years of age as of the last date of receiving application for the awards.
Rayagada Shawls And Koraput’s Kala Jeera Rice : GI Tag
Rayagada shawls, and Koraput’s kala jeera rice are most likely to get GI tags.
- From Rayagada district in Odisha.
- It is also called Kapdaganda.
- It is the handwoven shawls weaved by the Dongria Kondhs of Odisha.
- Dongria Kondhs: Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG) community in Odisha.
- The shawl is weaved and embroidered with their tribal motifs.
- It has been an age-old practice in the Dongria Kondh tribal community.
- It has become an important source of income for 1,800 tribal women in Rayagada district.
- These traditional shawls are being sold far and wide. (Pashmina Shawls)
Koraput’s kala jeera rice:-
- From Koraput district in Odisha.
- The rice is grown in Koraput district’s Tolla, Patraput, Pujariput, Baliguda, and Mohuli areas.
- The farmers of Koraput district have domesticated Kalajeera rice over generations.
- It is called the ‘Prince of Rice’.
- It is an aromatic variety of rice.
CSIR PRIMA ET11 : Electric Tractor
CSIR-CMERI developed a Compact Electric Tractor- CSIR PRIMA ET11.
- CSIR PRIMA ET11 is an indigenously designed, compact, 100% Pure Electric Tractor. ( First-ever Electric Tractor)
- It can tow a 8-ton capacity trolley with a max speed of 25 mph. (Tractor industry)
- Objective is to cater to small and marginal farmers of India.
- It caters to the demands of agriculture field applications.
- Its dynamics, weight distribution, transmission engagements, then lever and pedal position everything has been well designed.
- It has been made women-friendly with all the levers, switches, etc. being placed for an easy approach to the women.
- Many mechanical systems are also being replaced with electronic switches for easy operations.
- It has a state-of-the-art Lithium-ion battery with Prismatic cell confirmation.
- When the tractor is not in operation, its battery power can be utilized for other secondary applications like pump and irrigation, etc.
- The farmers can charge the tractor using a conventional home charging socket in 7 to 8 hours and operate the tractor for more than 4 hours at the field.
The Union Minister for Education unveiled the Malaviya Mission – Teacher Training Programme initiated by the University Grants Commission (UGC) in collaboration with the Ministry of Education.
- The program aims to enhance the quality of education by providing customised training for teachers in higher educational institutions.
- It aspires to equip 15 lakh teachers across India with the skills needed to meet the goals of the National Education Policy (NEP).
- Renaming of Human Resource Development Centres (HRDCs) as Madan Mohan Malaviya Teachers’ Training Centres was also announced.
Same-Sex Partnerships : Hong Kong
Hong Kong’s top court has ruled in favour of recognising same-sex partnerships but stopped short of granting full marriage rights to the city’s LGBTQ community.
- The court gave the government two years to come up with a legal framework for legal recognition of same-sex partnerships.
- In 133 countries homosexuality decriminalised, but only in 32 of them same-sex marriage is legal.
- Hong Kong does not allow or grant same-sex marriage or unions, even though homosexuality has been decriminalized in the city since 1991.
- Activists had been hoping the court would declare that the denial of same-sex marriage breached equal rights protections in the city’s mini-constitution.
- Judges ruled the freedom to marry was guaranteed under the mini-constitution but that it only referred “to heterosexual marriage.”
- Instead, the judges ruled in a majority verdict that there was a need for “an alternative framework” granting legal recognition to same-sex couples “to provide them with a sense of legitimacy, dispelling any sense that they belong to an inferior class of persons whose relationship is undeserving of recognition.”
Astronomers have recently found compelling evidence suggesting the existence of an Earth-like planet in the distant Kuiper Belt of our solar system.
- Kuiper Belt also called the Edgeworth-Kuiper belt, is a flat ring of small icy bodies that revolve around the Sun beyond the orbit of the planet Neptune.
- It is named after Gerard Kuiper, a Dutch-American astronomer who hypothesised the existence of such a region in the 1950s.
- There are millions of these icy objects, collectively referred to as Kuiper Belt objects (KBOs) or trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs), in this belt.
- The Kuiper Belt is a region of leftovers from the solar system’s early history.
- It is thought to be the source of most of the observed short-period comets, particularly those that orbit the Sun in less than 20 years.
- The Kuiper Belt is primarily composed of small icy bodies, such as dwarf planets, asteroids, and comets.
- Pluto, once considered the ninth planet in our solar system, is one of the most well-known Kuiper Belt objects.
- In 2006, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) reclassified Pluto as a dwarf planet, partly because of its location within the Kuiper Belt.