Today’s Current Affairs: 14th Oct 2023 for UPSC IAS exams, State PSC exams, SSC CGL, State SSC, RRB, Railways, Banking Exam & IBPS, etc
Table of Contents
Aerosol Increase In Hindu Kush-Himalaya-Tibetan Plateau Region:
A new analysis by the Indian Space Research Organisation’s (ISRO) Physical Research Laboratory has shown that the Hindu Kush-Himalaya-Tibetan Plateau region has been witnessing an alarming increase in aerosol levels.
- Aerosols are tiny solid or liquid particles suspended in air or as a gas.
- Aerosols can be natural, such as fog or gas from volcanic eruptions, or artificial, such as smoke from burning fossil fuels.
- Aerosol particles are either emitted directly to the atmosphere (primary aerosols) or produced in the atmosphere from precursor gases (secondary aerosols).
- Aerosol particles are tiny, but numerous, and often comprise of a number of inorganic and organic substances.
- True aerosol particles range in diameter from a few millimicrometres to about 1 micrometre (equal to 10-4 cm).
- Particles with a diameter of less than 0.1 micrometre are sometimes referred to as Aitken nuclei.
- Visible forms of atmospheric aerosol plumes include smoke, smog, haze and dust.
- Aerosol particles, such as dust, play an important role in the precipitation process, providing the nuclei upon which condensation and freezing take place.
- They affect climate by reflecting or absorbing incoming solar radiation and enhancing the brightness, and thus reflectivity, of clouds.
USS Gerald R Ford:
The US Navy aircraft carrier USS Gerald R. Ford Carrier strike group has arrived in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea amid the Israel conflict with Hamas.
- USS Gerald R Ford is US Navy’s newest and most advanced aircraft carrier.
- The ship was named in tribute to Ford, who was president from 1974 to 1977, giving a ‘lifetime of service’ to the United States.
- The ship was commissioned in 2017.
- It is the world’s largest ship, measuring approximately 1,092 feet (333 meters) in length, with a beam of 256 feet (78 meters) at its flight deck and a height of 250 feet (76 meters).
- It is a first-in-class aircraft carrier. First-in-class technology includes a new nuclear plant, the ability to generate nearly three times the amount of electrical power, innovative advanced arresting gear, and the electromagnetic aircraft launch system (EMALS).
- It has a displacement of a whopping 112,000 tonnes.
- It has the capacity to hold around 4,660 crew members.
- It can reach a speed in excess of 30 knots.
- It comes with a slew of surface-to-air missiles, including the RIM-7 Sea Sparrow, and the RIM-116, and M2 machine guns.
- It can carry more than 75 aircrafts.
Project Nilgiri Tahr:
Tamil Nadu Chief Minister recently launched ‘The Nilgiri Tahr’ project for the conservation of Tamil Nadu’s state animal.
- Nilgiri Tahr is an endangered mountain ungulate endemic to the southern part of the Western Ghats.
- Scientific Name: Nilgiritragus hylocrius
- Locally, the animal is called ‘Varayaadu’.
- They are known for their gravity-defying skills in climbing steep cliffs, earning them the nickname Mountain Monarch.
- It is the state animal of Tamil Nadu.
- Their present distribution is limited to approximately 5% of the Western Ghats in southern India (Kerala and Tamil Nadu).
- Eravikulam National Park in Kerala has the highest density and largest surviving population of Nilgiri tahr.
- They inhabit the open montane grassland habitats at elevations from 1200 to 2600 m of the South Western Ghats.
- It has a stocky body with short, coarse fur and a bristly mane.
- Males are larger than females and of a darker color when mature.
- Both sexes have curved horns, which are larger in the males, reaching up to 40 cm in males and 30 cm in females.
- Adult males develop a light grey area or ’saddle’ on their backs and are hence called ‘saddlebacks’.
- It has a short grey-brown or dark coat.
- Conservation Status:
- IUCN Red List: Endangered
- Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972: Schedule I
Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI 5.0):
Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI 5.0), a campaign of the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare will conclude all 3 rounds on 14th October 2023.
- Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI 5.0) Launched by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
- Objective is to enhance immunization coverage for all vaccines provided under the Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) as per the National Immunization Schedule (NIS).
- It is the flagship routine immunization campaign of the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
- The campaign will be conducted across the country during the months of August, September and October this year.
- During these three rounds, children of the 0-5 years age group and pregnant women, who have missed any dose of vaccine as per the National Immunization Schedule ( NIS), will be vaccinated.
- This year, for the first time the campaign is being conducted across all the districts in the country and includes children up to 5 years of age (Previous campaigns included children up to 2 years of age).
- Government of India is committed to achieving the target of Measles-Rubella Elimination ( MR Elimination) by December 2023 and the Intensified Mission Indradhanush 5.0 program is a major step toward achieving this goal.
141st International Olympic Committee Session : Inauguration
Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will inaugurate the 141st International Olympic Committee (IOC) Session on 14th October 2023.
- The 141st International Olympic Committee (IOC) Session, will be held at the Jio World Centre in Mumbai.
- IOC session is being held in India after a gap of about 40 years.
- India is hosting the IOC Session for the second time.
International Olympic Committee (IOC):-
- Establishment: 1894.
- HQ: Lausanne, Switzerland.
- Objective: to promote the Olympic movement and uphold the Olympic values, which include friendship, respect, and excellence, globally.
- They are responsible for organizing and managing the Summer and Winter Olympic Games.
Resilient And Inclusive Supply-Chain Enhancement (RISE) Initiative : World Bank And Japan
The World Bank and Japan, have launched the Resilient and Inclusive Supply-chain Enhancement (RISE) initiative in Morocco.
- This initiative is designed to tackle the dual challenges of job creation and climate change by aiding emerging markets and developing countries in expanding their clean-energy product manufacturing and increasing their participation in the minerals industry.
- The initiative aims to stimulate economic growth and generate local employment opportunities, ultimately contributing to poverty reduction.
- This collaborative effort emphasizes the importance of international cooperation in promoting economic growth in these countries while strengthening clean energy and critical minerals supply chains.
Global Hunger Index 2023:
India ranks 111 out of a total of 125 countries in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2023.
Key findings of GHI-2023:
- India’s ranking is based on a Global Hunger Index score of 28.7 on a 100-point scale.
- This categorises India’s severity of hunger as “serious”.
- The 2023 GHI score for the world is 18.3, which is considered moderate.
- Latin American and the Caribbean is the only region in the world whose GHI scores have worsened between 2015 and 2023.
- South Asia and Africa South of the Sahara are the world regions with the highest hunger levels, with GHI scores of 27.0 each.
Global Hunger Index:
- It is a tool for comprehensively measuring and tracking hunger at global, regional, and national levels.
- It is prepared jointly by Irish aid agency Concern Worldwide and German organisation Welt Hunger Hilfe.
One CGIAR Global Initiative:
The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) joined the One Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) global initiative.
- One CGIAR global initiative aims to build a unified approach to transforming food, land, and water systems to address the challenges posed by climate crisis.
- This initiative involves the CGIAR System Organisation and 12 One CGIAR research centres.
- The CGIAR is a publicly-funded network of agrifood systems research centres, works for transforming food, land, and water systems in a climate crisis. It is working in over 80 countries.
- It is a non-profit, non-political public international research organisation that conducts agricultural research for development in Asia & sub-Saharan Africa.
- It helps farmers by providing improved crop varieties and hybrids and also helps smallholder farmers in the drylands fight climate change.
- It conducts research on five highly nutritious drought-tolerant crops: chickpea, pigeonpea, pearl millet, sorghum, and groundnut.
- It has been awarded 2021 Africa Food Prize for the Tropical Legumes Project that has improved food security across 13 countries in sub-Saharan Africa.