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Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS: 20th Feb 2024

Today’s Current Affairs: 20th Feb 2024 for UPSC IAS exams, State PSC exams, SSC CGL, State SSC, RRB, Railways, Banking Exam & IBPS, etc

Show Cause Notice To Air India : DGCA

The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) recently issued a show cause notice to Air India in connection with the incident where an 80-year-old man passed away after he walked to the terminal due to a lack of wheelchair assistance at the airport.

  • Director General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is the regulatory body in the field of civil aviation primarily dealing with safety issues.
  • It is an attached office of the Ministry of Civil Aviation.
  • It is responsible for the regulation of air transport services to/from/within India and for the enforcement of civil air regulations, air safety and airworthiness standards.
  • It also coordinates all regulatory functions with the International Civil Aviation Organisation.
  • Headquarters: New Delhi
  • One of the main functions of the DGCA is to ensure the safety of passengers and crew members on all flights operating in India.
  • The organisation conducts regular safety inspections of all airlines and aircraft to meet the required safety standards.
  • It also investigates any incidents or accidents that occur within the Indian airspace and takes appropriate action to prevent similar incidents from happening in the future.

Melghat Tiger Reserve : Message To Save Tigers

The ongoing Kula Mama Volleyball Tournament-2024 in Melghat Tiger Reserve’s (MTR) Semadoh sends a strong message to save tigers and the pristine forest with the involvement of local youths.

  • Melghat Tiger Reserve (MTR) is located in the Amaravati district of Maharashtra.
  • It is located on the southern offshoot of the Satpura Hill Range in Central India, called Gawilgarh Hill.
  • It was established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1967 and was declared a tiger reserve in 1974.
  • It was the first tiger reserve in Maharashtra.
  • Some of the common species are teak, Lagerstroemia Parviflora, Terminalia Tomentosa, Ougeinia Oojeinensis, Emblica Officinalis, Bamboo, etc.
  • Apart from Tigers the other prominent animals are Sloth Bear, Indian Gaur, Sambar deer, Leopard, Nilgais, dhole, hyena, jungle cat, langur, etc.
  • It is considered a stronghold of the critically endangered forest owlet.

Ongoing Disinflation : RBI

Reserve Bank of India (RBI) governor recently said recurring food price shocks and renewed flash points on the geo-political front pose a challenge to the ongoing disinflation process.

  • Disinflation is a decrease in inflation rates.
  • A decline in the rate of increase in the general price level of goods and services in the gross domestic product (GDP) of a country over time is called disinflation.
  • Unlike inflation and deflation, which refer to the direction of prices, disinflation refers to the rate of change in the rate of inflation.
  • Disinflation is not considered problematic because prices do not actually drop, and disinflation does not usually signal the onset of a slowing economy.
  • A healthy amount of disinflation is necessary since it represents economic contraction and prevents the economy from overheating.
  • Disinflation is considered the opposite of reflation, which occurs when a government stimulates an economy by increasing the money supply.
  • Cause of Disinflation:
    • If a central bank wants to enforce a tighter monetary policy and the government starts selling off some of its assets, the supply of money in the economy could be limited, causing a disinflationary effect.

Debt Recovery Tribunal:

The Department of Financial Services secretary chaired a conference of heads of Debt Recovery Appellate Tribunals (DRATs) and Presiding Officers of Debt Recovery of Tribunals (DRTs) in New Delhi.

  • The Debts Recovery Tribunals (DRTs) and Debts Recovery Appellate Tribunals (DRATs) were established under the Recovery of Debts and Bankruptcy Act (RDB Act), 1993.
  • These are established to provide expeditious adjudication and recovery of debts due to Banks and Financial Institutions.
  • At present, 39 Debts Recovery Tribunals (DRTs) and 5 Debts Recovery Appellate Tribunals (DRATs) are functioning across the country.
  • Each DRT and DRAT are headed by a Presiding Officer and a Chairperson respectively.

Development And Promotion Of Jute Industry : Report

The Standing Committee on Labour, Textiles and Skill Development has presented the Fifty-Third Report on ‘Development and Promotion of Jute Industry’.

Key Highlights of the Report:

  • The Jute industry occupies an important place in the national economy of India. It is one of the major industries in the eastern region, particularly in West Bengal.
  • Jute, the ‘golden fibre’, meets all the standards for ‘safe’ packaging in view of being a natural, renewable, biodegradable and eco-friendly product.
  • India is a major player in global jute production, contributing 70% of the world’s jute output.
  • The Jute industry directly employs approximately 3.7 lakh workers, with around 90% of the production consumed domestically.
  • About 73% of jute industries are concentrated in West Bengal (out of 108 composite jute mills 79 are in West Bengal).
  • In the fiscal year 2022-23, the production of jute goods reached a significant milestone, totalling 1,246,500 metric tons (MT).
  • Exports of jute goods surged to 177,270 MT, constituting approximately 14% of the total production.
  • This represents a remarkable 56% increase in exports compared to figures recorded in 2019-20.
  • The rise in exports can be attributed to several factors, including increased demand for environmentally friendly and sustainable products worldwide.
  • India imported 121.26 thousand MT of raw jute during the same period.
  • The importation primarily stems from the preference for high-quality jute from Bangladesh, which is utilised in the manufacturing of value-added products.
  • The top export markets for jute goods include a diverse array of countries such as the USA, France, Ghana, the UK, the Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, Côte d’Ivoire, Australia, and Spain.

Jnanpith Award 2023:

The Jnanpith selection committee announced that the 58th Jnanpith Award will be given to two writers, Sanskrit scholar Jagadguru Rambhadracharya and Urdu poet and lyricist Gulzar, for 2023.


  • Gulzar (Sampuran Singh Kalra) was born on 18th August 1934, in the village of Dina, Jhelum district of undivided India.
  • He is one of the most respected names not just in cinema but also in literary circles. He is considered one of the finest Urdu poets of his era.
  • Gulzar received the Sahitya Akademi Award (2002) for Urdu, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award (2013), the Padma Bhushan (2004), and the National Film Awards for his works.

Jagadguru Rambhadracharya:

  • Jagadguru Ramanandacharya, is a polyglot, Hindu spiritual leader, educator, poet and writer. He was born in 1950 in Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh and speaks 22 languages.
  • Rambhadracharya is a poet and writer in several Indian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Awadhi, and Maithili.
  • He has written more than 240 books and texts in various Indian languages and received the Padma Vibhushan in 2015.
  • Arundhatī, Aṣṭāvakra, Avadha Kai Ajoriya and Dashavtar are some of the literary works composed by Rambhadracharya.
  • He is the founder and head of Tulsi Peeth in Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh

Jnanpith Award:

  • The Jnanpith Award is India’s oldest and highest literary award.
  • It’s given annually to an author for their “outstanding contribution towards literature”.
  • The award was established in 1961 and first awarded in 1965.
  • The Award considers both English and other Indian languages. However, eligibility is restricted to Indian citizens. It is not given posthumously.
  • It is presented by Bharatiya Jnanpith to recognize outstanding contributions to Indian literature.
  • Bharatiya Jnanpith, established in 1944 by Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain and his wife Rama Jain, is a prestigious literary and research organization headquartered in New Delhi, India.
  • Awardees receive a cash prize of Rs 11 lakh, a statue of Vagdevi, and a citation, honouring their literary achievements.

Mandatory Registration Of Marriages:

The Law Commission’s 287th report proposes mandatory registration of marriages involving Non-Resident Indians (NRI) and Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) to address the challenges faced by Indian women deserted by their NRI or OCI spouses.

  • The report suggests revisions to the pending Registration of Marriage of Non-Resident Indians Bill, 2019, to include OCIs and enforce new provisions.
  • These provisions cover penalties for failure to register divorce, maintenance, child support, and non-compliance with legal procedures.
  • The recommendation aims to combat fraudulent marriages and provide legal recourse for women vulnerable to abandonment or exploitation.

Sora : GenAI Model

OpenAI has introduced Sora, a new generative artificial intelligence (GenAI) model capable of converting text prompts into videos up to a minute long with maintained visual quality and adherence to user instructions.

  • Sora can create complex scenes with multiple characters, accurate details, and vibrant emotions.
  • It still faces challenges with more complex prompts.
  • While other companies have ventured into text-to-video technology, Sora is not yet available for general use as OpenAI is ensuring safety protocols and gathering feedback from visual artists and filmmakers.
  • The model has weaknesses, such as struggling with complex physics simulations and precise temporal descriptions, but OpenAI is continuously working to improve it.

Cholera Hit Zambia:

India on Saturday sent medical and material assistance to Zambia as the southern African country.

  • Zambia has been reeling under an outbreak of cholera over the past few weeks which had prompted a closure of schools in the country.
  • Zambia has been asking for more medical help to deal with the situation that has been described as a “cholera emergency”.
  • Zambia is alandlocked country at the crossroads of Central, Southern and East Africa.
  • The landlocked country has experienced rapid economic growth over the last decade as Africa’s second largest copper producer after the DR Congo.


  • Cholera is a bacterial disease usually spread through contaminated water.
  • A bacterium called Vibrio cholerae causes cholera infection.
  • The deadly effects of the disease are the result of a toxin the bacteria produces in the small intestine.
  • The toxin causes the body to secrete enormous amounts of water, leading to diarrhea and a rapid loss of fluids and salts
  • Most people exposed to the cholera bacterium (Vibrio cholerae) don’t become ill and don’t know they’ve been infected.
  • But because they shed cholera bacteria in their stool for seven to 14 days, they can still infect others through contaminated water.