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Article 370 And Article 35A

Article 370 And Article 35A:

Three years of abrogation of Art 370 and Art 35A in Jammu and Kashmir.

  • Article 370 conferred on J&K the power to have a separate constitution, a state flag, and autonomy of internal administration.
  • Article 35A: It empowered the Jammu and Kashmir state’s legislature to define “permanent residents” of the state and provide special rights and privileges to them.
  • Under Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 2019: It made provisions of the Indian constitution applicable in the state of J&K.
  • All provisions which separated the Constitution of J&K were abrogated (35A was automatically scrapped)
  • Under the J&K reorganization Act, 2019: The state was reorganized into two UTs – J&K (with legislature) and Ladakh (without Legislature)
  • Impact : J&K cannot maintain a separate flag, Ranbir Penal Code replaced with IPC, all the provisions of the Indian Constitution now automatically apply to J&K as well, and Law and order incidents have seen a drastic reduction.