GI-Tagged Gulabi Meenakari Handicrafts : Gift To Visiting Delegates From G20 Nations
The Uttar Pradesh state government has decided to gift GI-tagged Gulabi meenakari handicrafts to the visiting delegates from G20 nations.
- Gulabi meenakari handicraft is one of the rarest crafts in India that is practised in the by lanes of Varanasi, near Gai Ghat.
- It is an art form from Persia and involves colouring the surface of metals by fusing different colours.
- This art was brought to the city of Varanasi by Persian enamellists during the Mughal era around the early 17th century.
- The word ‘mina’ is the feminine form of the Persian word ‘Minoo’ and means ‘heaven’.
- It refers to the azure colour of heaven.
- In Varanasi, it is practised on jewellery and home decor items.
- Minakari work uses very simple tools like salai (an etching tool), kiln, metal palette, mortar and pestle, kalam (a tool used to apply enamel), brass dye, small scrubbing brush, forceps and takala (a needle-like tool to apply colours).
- This craft can be found popularly in three forms
- Ek Rang Khula Meena in which only gold outlines are exposed and a single transparent colour is used.
- Panch Rangi Meena in which the five colours of red, white, green, light blue and dark blue are used
- Gulabi Meena in which pink is the dominant colour.