CrackitToday App

Mithun : Food Animal Tag

Mithun : Food Animal Tag

Northeast’s Mithun gets a ‘food animal’ tag from the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).

  • The Mithun or gayal (Bos frontalis) is considered a descendant of the Indian Gaur or bison.
  • It plays an important role in the socio-economic and cultural life of tribes such as the Nyishi, Apatani, Galo and Adi in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • It is distributed in Northeast India, Bangladesh, northern Myanmar and in Yunnan, China.
  • It is known as the ‘cattle of the mountain’.
  • The gayal is the state animal of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.
  • It has a lot of business potential and the potential to provide nutritional, livelihood and financial security.
  • The Indian Council of Agricultural Research launched the M-ANITRA app to register Mithun farmers as “buyers” and “sellers” with the aim of helping them do business at competitive prices.
  • Conservation status
    • IUCN: Vulnerable
    • CITES: Appendix I.

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India:

  • It is a statutory body established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 (FSS Act).
  • FSS Act of 2006 consolidated various acts & orders that had earlier handled food-related issues in various Ministries and Departments.
  • Nodal ministry: Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.