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World Population Prospectus Report 2022

World Population Prospectus Report 2022:

The world population prospectus report 2022 was released last month.

Findings:

  • India is at the 3rd stage of the demographic transition (DT).
  • India is experiencing a slowing population growth rate due to constant low mortalityand rapidly declining fertility.
  • Its population growth is further expected to fall to 1% by 2025.
  • Many States have not achieved a low TFR (e.g. Bihar, UP): The reasons being high illiteracy levels, rampant child marriage, and low contraceptive usage compared to other states.
  • The total fertility rate of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime
  • Male-dominant sex ratio: It is 943 females per 1,000 males (2011). Reason being- preference for sons and sex selection (both pre-and post-natal)
  • Marriage squeeze: Not many girls are available in comparison to boys, leading to an instance of bride purchase.
  • Elderly population: It is now increasing and is expected to be 12% by 2050 (from above 9% now).

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