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Bal Aadhaar Initiative

Bal Aadhaar Initiative:

Over 7.9 million children aged up to five were enrolled under the Unique Identification Authority’s Bal Aadhaar initiative from April to July.

  • The Bal Aadhaar, a precursor to a standard Aadhaar, is issued in blue colour to children aged up to five. Upon expiration, a regular Aadhaar is issued.
  • Bal Aadhaar works as a facilitator in availing several welfare benefits, and also works as a digital photo identity for children.
  • Biometrics to establish uniqueness for the Bal Aadhar is not collected unlike in the case of Aadhaar.
  • A facial image of a child is instead taken for enrolment.
  • Biometric authentication of the parent/guardian and a proof of relationship document, preferably a birth certificate, are collected at the time of enrolment.
  • CAG criticism of Bal Aadhar: The audit was also critical of UIDAI’s move to issue Aadhaar cards to children and newborns without biometrics under an initiative known as Bal Aadhaar.
  • This needs to be reviewed because anyway after 5 years, a child has to apply for a new regular Aadhar.