7th National Health Accounts : Estimates For India (2019-20)
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has released the 7th National Health Accounts (NHA) Estimates for India (2019-20), which was produced by the National Health Systems Resource Centre.
- The NHA estimates are prepared by using an accounting framework based on the internationally accepted System of Health Accounts 2011, provided by the World Health Organization (WHO).
- The share of OOPE in total health expenditure has declined from 62.6% in 2014-15 to 47.1% in 2019-20.
- OOPE is the money paid directly by households, at the point of receiving health care.
- This occurs when services are neither provided free of cost through a government health facility, nor is the individual covered under any public or private insurance or social protection scheme.
- GHE’s share in the country’s total GDP increased from 1.13% (2014-15) to 1.35% (2019-20).
- Government Health Expenditure (GHE) GHE constitutes spending under all schemes funded and managed by Union, State, and Local Governments including quasi-Governmental organizations and donors in case funds are channeled through Government organizations. health system as a low Government.
- In GGE the share of health sector spending has steadily increased from 3.94% to 5.02% between 2014-15 and 2019-20.
- General Government Expenditure (GGE) This is a proportion of the share of Government expenditures towards healthcare in the General Government Expenditures and indicates Government’s priority towards healthcare.
- In the Total Health Expenditure (THE) of the country between 2014-15 and 2019-20, the share of GHE has increased from 29% to 41.4%.
- Total Health Expenditure (THE) constitutes current and capital expenditures incurred by Government and Private Sources including External funds.
- The share of SSE on health has increased from 5.7% in 2014-15 to 9.3% in 2019-20.
- Social Security Expenditure (SSE) includes government-funded health insurance, medical reimbursement to government employees, and social health insurance programs.
- PHIE has increased from 3.4 % in 2013-14 to 7 % in 2019-20 estimates out of total Health Expenditure.
- Private Health Insurance Expenditures (PHIE) constitute spending through health insurance companies where households or employers pay a premium to be covered under a specific health plan.
- External/ Donor Funding for health increased from 0.3 % in 2013-14 to 0.5 % in 2019-20 out of total health expenditure.