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National Family Health Survey (NFHS 2019-21) Released

National Family Health Survey (NFHS 2019-21) Released:

The latest data from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS 2019-21) has been released.

Prevalence of Child Marriage:

  • The share of women aged 20-24 who married before turning 18 has declined from 27% to 23% in the last five years.
  • West Bengal and Bihar, with around 41% such women each, had the highest prevalence of girl child marriage.
  • The maximum reduction in the proportion of underage marriages was observed in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Haryana.

Rampant Anaemia:

  • As many as 57% women aged 15-49 were anaemic in 2019-21, compared to 53% in 2015-16, while the same for men rose from 22.7% to 25%.
  • The most formidable increase—8.5% was observed for children aged 6-59 months (67.1%).
  • Among larger states, West Bengal and Kerala reported the highest and lowest prevalence, respectively, of anaemic women.
  • Child anaemia rates worsened the most in Assam, Mizoram, Chhattisgarh, and Odisha.

Improving Amenities:

  • All states, except Manipur, Meghalaya, Assam and Jharkhand, had over 90% population with access to improved drinking water sources.
  • Bihar, Jharkhand etc states had almost doubled the access since 2015-16, but most fell below the 75% mark.

Women who own House:

  • The number of women who own a house or land in Delhi, either alone or jointly, has significantly dipped over the past five years.
  • While the percentage of women who had a house or land registered in their name in 2015-16 was around 35%, it dipped to 22.7% in 2020-21.

Women who have a Bank Account:

  • It has gone up 8% and women who have a mobile phone that they use is up by 7%.

Access to Internet:

  • The percentage of women who have ever used the internet was around 64% as compared to 85% men.
  • This data was not available in the previous survey.

Participation in the Household Participation:

  • It has gone up from around 74% in 2015-16 to 92% now. The participation of married women in household decisions includes health care for self, making major household purchases, and visits to her family or relatives, etc.

Out-of-Pocket Expenditure:

  • It went from Rs 8,518 to Rs 2,548 in five years. Average out-of-pocket expenditure has seen a significant improvement in the per delivery in a public health facility.

Rise in Obesity:

  • Obesity among both men and women has risen. While 41.3% of women are now overweight or obese, this figure is 38% for men.
  • The rise in the percentage of men who are overweight or obese, however, has been faster in men than in women.

High Malnutrition:

  • The share of under-five children who were stunted (too short for age), wasted (low weight for height), or underweight has declined.
  • However, every third child still suffers from chronic undernourishment, and every fifth child is acutely malnourished.
  • Stunting: Meghalaya had the prevalence, followed by Bihar while Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand recorded declines of 5-7% since 2015-16.]