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African Swine Fever

The African Swine Fever:

The African Swine Fever has stuck Meghalaya. Earlier, it had struck Mizoram.

  • The African Swine Fever has killed 1,700 pigs in Mizoram in a month. It has now spread to Meghalaya and has killed three hundred pigs here so far.
  • The Philippines Government recently placed the country under a State of Calamity for a year to address the impact of African Swine Fever.
  • The first case of African Swine Fever was reported in 2019.
  • It has killed more than three million hogs (domesticated pigs) since its outbreak in 2019.

About African Swine Fever:

  • It was first detected in Africa in the 1920s.
  • There is no cure for the disease and thus the only way to stop the disease from spreading is by culling the animals.
  • It is not a threat to human beings.
  • This is because the disease spreads from animal to animal.
  • The African Swine Fever virus is resistant to low temperatures.
  • It dies only when the hogs are heated to seventy to a hundred degrees Celsius.
  • It is highly contagious and is a transboundary disease.
  • Between 2016 and 2019, there were 10,211 outbreaks in Europe, Asia, and Africa.
  • The disease is transmitted through direct contact.
  • The biological vectors that transmit the disease are ticks and fomites.

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