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DRDO 64th Foundation Day

DRDO 64th Foundation Day:

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has celebrated the 64th Foundation Day on 1st January, 2022.

  • DRDO is the R&D (Research and Development) wing of the Ministry of Defence with a vision to empower India with cutting-edge defence technologies.
  • Its pursuit of self-reliance and successful indigenous development and production of strategic systems and platforms such as Agni and Prithvi series of missiles, Light Combat Aircraft, Tejas, multi-barrel rocket launcher, Pinaka, air defence system, Akash, a wide range of radars and electronic warfare systems, etc. have given quantum jump to India’s military might, generating effective deterrence and providing crucial leverage.
  • It was formed in 1958 from the amalgamation of the Technical Development Establishment (TDEs) of the Indian Army and the Directorate of Technical Development & Production (DTDP) with the Defence Science Organisation (DSO).
  • DRDO is a network of more than 50 laboratories which are deeply engaged in developing defence technologies covering various disciplines, like aeronautics, armaments, electronics, combat vehicles, engineering systems etc.

Various Programmes of DRDO:

  • Integrated Guided-Missile Development Programme (IGMDP):
    • It was one of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam’s major works to make Indian defence forces self-sufficient in the field of missile technology.
    • The missiles developed under IGMDP are: Prithvi, Agni, Trishul, Akash, Nag.
  • Mobile Autonomous Robot System:
    • MARS is a smart robust robot to handle land mines and Inert Explosive Devices (IEDs) which helps the Indian Armed Forces to disarm them from far distances despite hostile surroundings.
    • With some add-ons, this system can even be used to dig the ground for the object and defuse the Improvised Explosive Device by various methods.
    • Highest Terrestrial Centre in Ladakh
    • DRDO’s centre in Ladakh is at 17,600 feet above sea level at Changla near Pangong lake which is intended to serve as a natural cold storage unit for the preservation of natural and medicinal plants