European Sky Shield Initiative:
Austria and Switzerland, traditionally neutral countries, have joined the ‘European Sky Shield Initiative’ (ESSI) for air defence in response to Russia’s attack on Ukraine.
- The European Sky Shield Initiative (ESSI) is a regional grouping of European countries aimed at developing a common air and missile defence system.
- It focuses on acquiring air defence equipment and missiles collectively to strengthen NATO’s Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD)
- The ESSI now has 19 member states, with the goal of leveraging existing NATO cooperation frameworks for defence.
- It was spearheaded by Germany in 2022.