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European Sky Shield Initiative

European Sky Shield Initiative:

Austria and Switzerland, traditionally neutral countries, have joined the ‘European Sky Shield Initiative’ (ESSI) for air defence in response to Russia’s attack on Ukraine.

  • The European Sky Shield Initiative (ESSI) is a regional grouping of European countries aimed at developing a common air and missile defence system.
  • It focuses on acquiring air defence equipment and missiles collectively to strengthen NATO’s Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD)
  • The ESSI now has 19 member states, with the goal of leveraging existing NATO cooperation frameworks for defence.
  • It was spearheaded by Germany in 2022.