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Gene-edited Mustard

Gene-edited Mustard:

Indian scientists developed the first ever Gene edited low-pungent mustard that is pest and disease-resistant.

  • Gene-edited Mustard is India’s most significant domestically-grown oilseed is rapeseed-mustard.
  • Mustard seeds have high levels of glucosinolates, a group of sulphur and nitrogen-containing compounds contributing to the characteristic pungency of their oil and meal.
  • Rapeseed meal is unpalatable to poultry and pigs, while having to be mixed with fodder grass and water for giving to cattle and buffaloes.
  • Besides reducing their feed intake, high glucosinolates are also known to cause goiter (swelling of neck) and internal organ abnormalities in livestock.
  • The dry seeds from the normal mustard (Brassica juncea) cultivated in India contain 120-130 parts per million (ppm or mg/kg) of glucosinolates.
  • This is as against the sub-30 ppm levels in canola seeds.