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Global Investment Trends Monitor Report 2021: Keypoints

Investment Trends Monitor Report: UNCTAD:

According to the recent Investment Trends Monitor Report issued by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), global Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) collapsed in 2020 by 42% to an estimated USD 859 billion from USD 1.5 trillion in 2019.

  • Such a low level was last seen in the 1990s and is more than 30% below the investment decline that followed the 2008-2009 global financial crisis.

Global Trend:

India and China:

  • India witnessed a 13% year-on-year rise, the highest among key nations, in FDI inflows in 2020, China’s rose by 4%.
    In absolute terms, China remained way ahead, with an inflow of as much as $163 billion, while India’s stood at $57 billion.

Advanced Economies:

  • The UK and Italy saw an over 100% crash each in FDI inflows, followed by Russia (96% drop), Germany (61%), Brazil (50%), the US (49%), Australia (46%) and France (39%).

Developing Economies:

  • Developing economies drew as much as 72% of global FDI in 2020 – their highest share on record.
    Asian nations did particularly well, attracting USD 476 billion in FDI in 2020.

Future Projection:

  • The uncertainty about the Covid-19 evolution will continue to hamper global FDI inflows in 2021, threatening sustainable recovery prospects.