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Global Positioning System (GPS)

Global Positioning System (GPS):

Cargo ships transiting the Mediterranean and the Black Sea are encountering a growing number of incidents related to GPS jamming.

  • This trend has become more common since the Hamas attacks on Israel in October 2023.
  • This situation is concerning, and some merchant ships have been additionally fitted with the GLONASS satellite system (Russian) as an emergency backup when onboard GPS systems (US) are jammed.
  • The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite-based navigation system that provides precise location and time information to users worldwide.
  • GPS is owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Space Force.
  • GPS consists of a constellation of satellites orbiting Earth. These satellites transmit signals that allow GPS receivers on the ground to calculate their position accurately.
  • GPS technology is widely used for navigation, mapping, surveying, and various other applications.
  • Satellite-based navigation systems, also known as satnav systems, utilize satellites to provide autonomous geo-positioning.