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Medical Termination Of Pregnancy Rules

Medical Termination Of Pregnancy Rules:

The Government has notified new rules under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Act, 2021.

  • The 2021 Act was passed to amend the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act, 1971.

About the Rules:

  • Increased Gestational Limit: The gestational limit for termination of a pregnancy has been increased from 20 to 24 weeks for certain categories of women.

The seven specific categories are:

  • Survivors of sexual assault or rape or incest.
  • Minors.
  • Change of marital status during the ongoing pregnancy (widowhood and divorce).
  • Women with physical disabilities.
  • Mentally ill women.
  • Foetal malformation that has a substantial risk of being incompatible with life or if the child is born, he/ she may suffer from serious physical or mental abnormalities.
  • Women with pregnancy in humanitarian settings or disaster or emergency situations.

State-level Medical Board: A state-level medical board will be set up to decide if a pregnancy may be terminated after 24 weeks in cases of foetal malformation.

  • The medical boards are to either accept or reject the proposal for medical termination of pregnancy within three days of receiving the request.
  • The abortion procedure has to be done with five days of the board receiving the request for the same.