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Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)

Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG):

External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar recently said that India looks forward to join the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) by overcoming political impediments.

  • The 48-member NSG is an elite club of countries that deals with the trade-in nuclear technology and fissile materials besides contributing to the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.
  • Brought in 1974– in response to the Indian nuclear test (smiling Buddha).
  • It is a Group of nuclear supplier countries that seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons.
  • The NSG first met in November 1975 in London, and is thus popularly referred to as the “London Club”.
  • Its guidelines are not binding.
  • Benefits associated with NSG membership- Once admitted, an NSG member state gets:
    • Timely information on nuclear matters.
    • Contributes by way of information.
    • Has confirmed credentials.
    • Can act as an instrument of harmonization and coordination.
    • Is part of a very transparent process.