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Russia – Ukraine Issue: Update

North Atlantic Treaty Organization:

 

Russia has said it is pulling out its forces surrounding Ukraine. But, NATO and the U.S. have said that they are yet to be convinced the pullout was real.

  • Fears have been mounting of a major escalation of the conflict in eastern Ukraine, where government forces have battled separatists in the mainly Russian-speaking Donbas region since 2014. Crimean peninsula was annexed by Moscow in 2014.
  • Now, Russia has stationed its military across the border.
  • Russia has demanded that NATO guarantees Ukraine will never join the alliance.
  • Russia believes that NATO is “encircling” Russia and posing a threat.
  • It is also said that NATO missile defence threatens Russian security.
  • Above all, NATO is believed to be a U.S. geopolitical project and has always tried to isolate or marginalise Russia.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization:

  • It is an intergovernmental military alliance.
  • Established by Washington treaty.
  • Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949.
  • Headquarters — Brussels, Belgium.
  • Headquarters of Allied Command Operations — Mons, Belgium.
  • It constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its independent member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack by any external party.
  • Since its founding, the admission of new member states has increased the alliance from the original 12 countries to 30. The most recent member state to be added to NATO was North Macedonia on 27 March 2020.
  • NATO membership is open to “any other European state in a position to further the principles of this Treaty and to contribute to the security of the North Atlantic area.”

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