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Stockholm+50 is being held in Stockholm, Sweden. It will commemorate the 50 years since the 1972 United Nations (UN) Conference on the Human Environment (also known as the Stockholm Conference).

  • The UN General Assembly will be convening this international meeting.
  • This is being held at a time when the world is facing a triple planetary crisis of climate change, pollution and waste, nature and biodiversity loss, as well as other planetary issues even after 50 years of the Stockholm Declaration.
  • This is threatening the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.
  • A sustainable recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic will also remain as one of agenda points.

Stockholm Conference, 1972

  • Climate change was first discussed using emerging scientific evidence in the UN General Assembly in 1968.
  • In 1967, a research study provided the actual estimates of global temperature based on CO2 levels.
  • Also, it was predicted that the doubling of CO2 from the current level would result in nearly 2°C rise in global temperature.
  • The idea of the Stockholm Conference was first proposed by Sweden. That’s why it’s also termed the “Swedish Initiative”.
  • The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm was held from 5th –16th June, 1972.
  • This was the first global convergence on the planetary environment.
  • The theme was ‘Only One Earth’.
  • 122 countries participated in the conference.
  • Aim:
    • Creating a common governance framework for the planetary environment and natural resources.
    • Stockholm Declaration and Action Plan for the Human Environment

Stockholm Declaration:

  • 70 out of 122 participant countries which were developing and poor countries adopted the Stockholm Declaration.
  • The Stockholm Declaration contained 26 principles that marked the beginning of a dialogue between developed and developing countries.
  • This built the “interconnections between development, poverty and the environment”.
  • The Action Plan contained three main categories that were further broken down into 109 recommendations:
    • Global Environmental Assessment Programme (watch plan)
    • Environmental management activities
    • International measures to support assessment and management activities carried out at the national and international levels.