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The Global State Of Democracy Report, 2021

The Global State Of Democracy Report, 2021:

The Global State of Democracy Report, 2021 was recently released by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance.

  • The reports refer to three main regime types: democracies, hybrid and authoritarian regimes. Hybrid and authoritarian regimes are both classified as non-democratic.

Highlights of the Report:

  • The number of countries moving towards authoritarianism in 2020 was higher than that of countries going in the other direction, towards democracy.
  • 20 countries moved in the direction of authoritarianism, seven countries moved towards democracy.
  • The pandemic has prolonged this existing negative trend into a five-year stretch, the longest such period since the start of the third wave of democratisation in the 1970s.
  • Democratically elected Governments, including established democracies, are increasingly adopting authoritarian tactics.
  • The report highlighted the case of Brazil and India as “some of the most worrying examples of backsliding”.
  • However, India remained in the category of a mid-level performing democracy as it has since 2000.
  • The United States and three members of the European Union [Hungary, Poland and Slovenia] have also seen concerning democratic declines.
  • The Global State of Democracy 2021 reviews the state of democracy around the world over the course of 2020 and 2021, with democratic trends since 2015 used as contextual reference.
  • It is based on analysis of events that have impacted democratic governance globally since the start of the pandemic, based on various data sources, including International IDEA’s Global Monitor of Covid-19’s Impact on Democracy and Human Rights, and International IDEA’s Global State of Democracy (GSoD) Indices.
  • The GSoD Indices provide quantitative data on democratic quality for the same countries, based on 28 aspects of democracy up until the end of 2020.

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