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UN Declares 2025 As International Year Of Quantum Science And Tech

UN Declares 2025 As International Year Of Quantum Science And Tech:

UN has declared 2025 as International Year of Quantum Science and Tech. Next year marks the centenary of Werner Heisenberg’s foundational paper on quantum mechanics.

  • Quantum computing is a new way of computing that uses the principles of quantum mechanics to perform calculations.
  • In traditional computing, data is processed using bits, which are either a 0 or a 1.
  • But in quantum computing, the data is processed using quantum bits or qubits, which can be both a 0 and a 1 at the same time.
  • This property of qubits is called superposition, which allows for multiple calculations to be performed simultaneously, making quantum computing exponentially faster than traditional computing for certain types of problems.
  • Foundational Concepts of Quantum Mechanics
    • Wave-Particle Duality: Small objects exhibit both particle and wave characteristics.
    • Quantum Superposition: Particles can exist in multiple states simultaneously until measured.
    • Entanglement: Linked particles affect each other regardless of distance.
    • Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle: The position and speed of a particle cannot both be known with perfect accuracy simultaneously.