Today’s Current Affairs: 7th Apr 2023 for UPSC IAS exams, State PSC exams, SSC CGL, State SSC, RRB, Railways, Banking Exam & IBPS, etc
Table of Contents
116th Birth Anniversary Of Babu Jagjivan Ram:
He was a national leader, a freedom fighter, a social justice crusader, a champion of the depressed classes, and an outstanding Parliamentarian.
- In 1931, he became a member of the Indian National Congress (Congress Party).
- He was instrumental in the foundation of the All India Depressed Classes League.
- All India Depressed Classes League: an organisation dedicated to attaining equality for untouchables, in 1934-35.
- He was a champion of social equality and equal rights for the Depressed Classes.
- He served in Nehru’s cabinet in the posts of minister for communications (1952–56), transport and railways (1956–62), and transport and communications (1962–63).
- He served as minister for food and agriculture (1967–70).
- In 1970 he was made minister of defence.
- He later served as the Deputy Prime Minister of India (1977–79).
- Jagjivan Ram was a member of the Parliament uninterrupted from 1936 to 1986 (40 years) and this is a world record.
- He also holds another record for being the longest-serving cabinet minister in India (30 years).
5th International Conference On Disaster Resilient Infrastructure:
The latest conference, the 5th International Conference on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (ICDRI) 2023, was held on 4th and 5th of April 2023 in New Delhi, India.
- It is the annual conference of the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) and its partners.
- International Conference on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure 2023 hosted by India.
- The Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) is a multi-stakeholder global partnership of national governments, UN (United Nations) agencies and programmes, multilateral development banks and financing mechanisms, the private sector, and knowledge institutions.]
- The Prime Minister of India launched CDRI during his speech at the UN Climate Action Summit in 2019.
- It aims to promote the resilience of new and existing infrastructure systems to climate and disaster risks in support of sustainable development.
- Members: 30 countries and 8 organizations.
- The CDRI Secretariat is based in New Delhi, India.
- It brings together member Countries, organizations, institutions and infrastructure actors and stakeholders to strengthen the global discourse on disaster and climate-resilient infrastructure.
- The ICDRI 2023 will focus on charting these solutions and pathways to Shaping Resilient Infrastructure.
- It aims at delving into practices of creating risk-informed systems, resilient infrastructure assets and innovative financing to deliver infrastructure needs.
- The conference will feature the progress of the Biennial Report on Global Infrastructure Resilience, the collaborative delivery mechanism of IRIS with SIDS, and the operationalization of IRAF.
Ladakh’s Wood Carving : GI Tag
In a major recognition for Ladakh, its wood carving has been granted the Geographical Indication (GI) Tag.
- Ladakh’s wood carving has been known for its intricate designs and unique patterns.
- The designs and unique patterns, are mostly inspired by Buddhist themes and motifs.
- The wood carvings are made from local wood such as willow and apricot.
- They are often used for decorating doors, windows, and other household items.
- The unique form of wood carving which has received a GI tag is concentrated in the Wanla and Cjoglamasar districts of Leh.
- The craft has a distinct cultural and religious influence.
India’s Economic Growth Rate Forecast : World Bank
The World Bank has released a report titled “South Asia Economic Focus: Expanding Opportunities: Toward Inclusive Growth,” which provides an economic forecast for India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan.
Major Highlights of the World Bank Report:
- India’s growth rate has been downgraded to 6.3% for FY 2023-24 ,and the report cites high borrowing costs and slower income growth as the primary reasons for this downgrade.
- The female labour participation rate and the size and productivity of the informal sector are also concerns in India.
- However, the services sector and the construction sector are the fastest-growing industries in India, with strong investment growth and high business confidence.
- India’s growth rate is expected to grow at 6.4% in FY 2024-25, which is an upgrade of 0.3 % points from the previous forecast.
- Sri Lanka experiencing a contraction of -4.3% in 2023 and negotiating a USD 3 billion loan from the IMF, while Pakistan is forecasted to have a growth rate of 0.4% for the year ending June 30, 2023.
Avalanche Hit Sikkim’s Nathu La:
A massive Avalanche hit Sikkim’s Nathu La.
- An avalanche is a sudden, rapid flow of snow, ice, and debris down a mountain or slope.
- It can be triggered by various factors such as heavy snowfall, rapid temperature changes, or human activity.
- Many regions that are prone to avalanches have specialized teams that monitor and control avalanche risks by using various methods such as explosives, snow barriers, and other safety measures.
- Rock Avalanches (which consist of large segments of shattered rock),
- Ice Avalanches (which typically occur in the vicinity of a glacier),
- Debris Avalanches (which contain a variety of unconsolidated materials, such as loose stones and soil).
Nathu La (Pass)-Nathu La:
- It is a mountain pass in the Himalayas in the East Sikkim district.
- It connects the Indian state of Sikkim with China’s Tibet Autonomous Region.
2023 Water Conference:
In the United Nations, the 2023 Water Conference was held in New York on March 22-24 in which participant members were informed about W12+ Blueprint and its potential.
- W12+ Blueprint is a UNESCO platform that hosts city profiles and case studies of programs, technologies, and policies that address common water security challenges.
- It is an informational database for solutions to urban water challenges.
- Aim is to create a tool that provides insight into how to address common urban water challenges through easy-to-read case studies.
- Lessons learned from the other W12+ Programs will be incorporated and highlighted within the Blueprint.
- It will house information on best practices, encourage further knowledge exchange, and become a “virtual Hub” for urban water security solutions globally.
- Cities listed under this blueprint from India are Chennai, Bengaluru, Mumbai and Pune.
- The water conference brings together people from different countries and organizations to work together on solving global water challenges.
- Water problems are usually local, but by working together, countries can learn from each other, share technology, and invest in solutions.
- The UN 2023 Water Conference’s theme, “Our watershed moment: uniting the world for water,” aimed to support the achievement of water-related global goals and objectives, including those enumerated in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Pair Of Quasars Discovered:
The Hubble Space Telescope recently discovered a pair of quasars from the early universe.
- A quasar is an extremely active and luminous type of active galactic nucleus (AGN).
- An AGN is nothing more than a supermassive black hole that is active and feeding at the center of a galaxy.
- The brightest quasars can outshine all of the stars in the galaxies in which they reside, which makes them visible even at distances of billions of light-years.
- Quasars are thought to form in regions of the universe where the large-scale density of matter is much higher than average.
- Most quasars have been found billions of light-years away.
- Quasars emit energies of millions, billions, or even trillions of electron volts.
- This energy exceeds the total of the light of all the stars within a galaxy.
Kurmi Community Protest:
Train services were recently disrupted in Bankura, Purulia and West Midnapore districts of West Bengal following rail-blockade agitation by the Kurmi community.
- Kurmi community is traditionally a non-elite tiller caste in the lower Gangetic plain of India, especially southern regions of Awadh, eastern Uttar Pradesh and parts of Bihar.
- The Kurmis came to be known for their exceptional work ethic, superior tillage and manuring, and gender-neutral culture, bringing praise from Mughal and British administrators alike.
- Currently, in Odisha, West Bengal and Jharkhand, the Kurmi community is classified under the Other Backward Classes group with the Odisha government also recognising the community under the Socially and Educationally Backward Classes.
- State governments in Jharkhand and West Bengal have repeatedly recommended the inclusion of this community in the ST list.
As the year 2024 marks the centenary of the Vaikom Satyagraha, Chief Minister of Kerala and Tamil Nadu jointly inaugurated the centenary celebrations.
- Vaikom Satyagraha was a movement in Travancore (modern-day Kerala) for temple entry of the depressed classes.
- It took place near the Shiva Temple at Vaikom, Kottayam district, Kerala during 1924-25. Vaikom was at that time a part of the princely state of Travancore.
- The movement began on 30th March 1924.
- At the Vaikom Mahadeva Temple, there was a board that denied the entry of “lower caste” people (avarnas).
- The Satyagrahis made batches of three and entered the temple.
- They were resisted and arrested by the police.
- Gandhiji, Chatampi Swamikal and Sree Narayana Guru supported the movement.
- The movement gained prominence in the whole of India and support came from far and wide.
- The Akalis of Punjab supported by setting up kitchens to provide food to the Satyagrahis.
- Even Christian and Muslim leaders were in support of the movement. However, Gandhiji was not entirely convinced by this as he wanted the movement to be an intra-Hindu affair.
- On Gandhiji’s advice, the movement was taken back temporarily in April 1924.
- After discussions with caste Hindu people failed, the leaders again started the movement.
- Leaders T K Madhavan and K P Kesava Menon were arrested.
- E V Ramaswami Naicker (Periyar) came from Tamil Nadu to support the movement and then he was arrested.
- On 1st October 1924, a group of savarnas (forward castes) marched in a procession and submitted a petition to the Regent Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bai of Travancore with approximately 25000 signatures for allowing entry to the temple for everyone.