Centenary Of The Chauri Chaura Incident:
On the occasion of the centenary of the Chauri Chaura incident, a postage stamp was released by the Prime Minister.
- Chauri Chaura is a town in the Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh.
- On 4th February 1922, this town witnessed a violent incident – a large crowd of peasants set on fire a police station that killed 22 policemen.
- Due to this incident, Mahatma Gandhi called off the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-22).
- A group of freedom fighters participating in the non-cooperation movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1922 was fired upon by police, leading to the death of many of them.
- In retaliation, protestors attacked and set fire to the Chauri Chaura police station, killing many of its occupants.
- Gandhi had called off the movement due to the violence.
- The killing of the Chauri Chaura policemen had resulted in the arrest of hundreds of protesters with 228 of them being put on trial, six of them dying during it, and 172 ordered to be hanged to death with the remaining sentenced to long-term imprisonments after a hasty eight-month trial.