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Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia:

The researchers found a statistically significant correlation between a rise in soy production and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) deaths in children between 2008 and 2019 in Brazil’s Amazon and Cerrado biomes.

  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL) is a type of cancer of the blood and bone marrow—the spongy tissue inside bones where blood cells are made.
  • The word “acute” in acute lymphocytic leukaemia comes from the fact that the disease progresses rapidly and creates immature blood cells rather than mature ones.
  • It is the most common type of cancer in children.
  • Symptoms: Bleeding from the gums, Bone pain, Fever, Frequent infections, frequent or severe nosebleeds, etc.
  • It occurs when a bone marrow cell develops changes (mutations) in its genetic material, or DNA.
  • A cell’s DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do. Normally, the DNA tells the cell to grow at a set rate and to die at a set time.
  • In ALL, the mutations tell the bone marrow cell to continue growing and dividing.
  • When this happens, blood cell production becomes out of control.
  • The bone marrow produces immature cells that develop into leukemic white blood cells called lymphoblasts.
  • These abnormal cells are unable to function properly, and they can build up and crowd out healthy cells.
  • Treatment may include chemotherapy or targeted drugs that specifically kill cancer cells.