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Assam Cattle Preservation Act, 2021

Assam Cattle Preservation Act, 2021:

Assam Cattle Preservation Act, 2021- A cow protection law that Assam enforced less than a year ago has led to an acute beef crisis in Meghalaya.

  • The hill State’s main cattle market has also been closed due to non-availability of the animal for consumption.
  • Various pressure groups in Assam groups recently held a rally against the Assam Cattle Preservation Act, 2021, stating that the law was an assault on the farm economy in the name of religion.
  • The law is aimed at regulating slaughter, consumption and transportation of cattle.

Highlights of the law:

  • Slaughter of cow, calf and heifer is prohibited.
  • Transportation of cattle from or through Assam is prohibited.
  • Sale of beef or beef products is prohibited in areas predominantly inhabited by Hindu, Jains, Sikhs, and other non-beef eating communities.
  • Sale of beef or beef products is prohibited within a 5-km radius of any temple, satra or other Hindu religious institutions.
  • Those found violating the rules shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term not less than three years and up to eight years or a fine that may vary between Rs 3 lakh and Rs 5 lakh or both.
  • If someone convicted is found guilty of the same or a related offence the second time, the punishment will be doubled.