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Breach Of Genocide Convention 1948

Breach Of Genocide Convention 1948:

South Africa moved the International Court of Justice (ICJ), for an urgent order declaring that Israel was in breach of its obligations under the 1948 Genocide Convention.

  • The term ‘genocide’ is often loosely used when speaking of attacks against various communities across the world.
  • It has been defined using set criteria in the UN’s Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, moved in the General Assembly in 1948.
  • It says, “In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
    • Killing members of the group;
    • Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
    • Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
    • Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
    • Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
  • As per this convention the genocide is a crime whether committed during wartime or peacetime.
  • India ratified the convention in 1959; there is no legislation on the subject.