Council Of Scientific And Industrial Research (CSIR):
The Prime Minister chaired a meeting of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Society through video conference.
- Earlier CSIR Floriculture Mission was approved for implementation in 21 States and Union Territories of India.
- It is also planning to undertake genome sequencing of a sample of nearly 1000 Indian rural youth to determine unique genetic traits, susceptibility (and resilience) to disease.
- It is the largest research and development (R&D) organization in India.
- It has a pan-India presence and has a dynamic network of 37 national laboratories, 39 outreach centers, 3 Innovation Complexes, and 5 units.
- It is ranked 37th among 1587 government institutions worldwide and is the only Indian organization among the top 100 global government institutions, according to the Scimago Institutions Ranking World Report 2021.
- CSIR holds the 7th rank in Asia and leads the country at the first position.
- The Prime Minister is the President (Ex-officio) and the Union Minister of Science and Technology is the Vice President (Ex-officio).
- CSIR is funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology and it operates as an autonomous body through the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
- Established: September 1942.
- Located: New Delhi.
- Scientific and industrial/applied research of national importance.
- It covers a wide spectrum of streams such as Radio and space physics, oceanography, biotechnology, nanotechnology, information technology, etc.
- It provides significant technological intervention in many areas with regard to societal efforts which include the environment, health, drinking water, food, housing, energy, farm, and non-farm sectors.