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Doha Political Declaration On LDC

Doha Political Declaration On LDC:

Doha Political Declaration was adopted by the head of the states at the recently concluded Fifth United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries (LDC5).

  • Doha Political Declaration is a key outcome of the second part of the LDC5 conference held under the theme “From Potential to Prosperity” in Qatar.
  • The declaration welcomed the Doha Programme of Action (DPoA) and strongly committed to its implementation throughout the coming decade.
  • The declaration also requested the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General to ensure the full mobilization and coordination of all parts of the UN system to facilitate coordinated implementation of the Doha Programme of Action
  • Doha Programme of Action (DPoA) for the Least Developed Countries was adopted at the first part of the LDC5 conference held in New York
  • It is a 10-year plan to put the world’s 46 most vulnerable countries back on track to achieving the UN-mandated Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
  • DPoA (2022-2031) consisted of six key focus areas:
    • eradicating poverty;
    • leveraging the potential of science and technology;
    • addressing climate change;
    • environmental degradation;
    • recovering from COVID-19 pandemic;
    • building resilience against future shocks for risk-informed sustainable development;

Least developed countries (LDCs):

  • They are low-income countries confronting severe structural impediments to sustainable development.
  • They are highly vulnerable to economic and environmental shocks.
  • Currently, there are 46 countries on the United Nations’ list of LDCs.
    • Africa (33);
    • Asia (9);
    • Caribbean (1): Haiti;
    • Pacific (3): Kiribati, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu.