Doha Political Declaration On LDC:
Doha Political Declaration was adopted by the head of the states at the recently concluded Fifth United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries (LDC5).
- Doha Political Declaration is a key outcome of the second part of the LDC5 conference held under the theme “From Potential to Prosperity” in Qatar.
- The declaration welcomed the Doha Programme of Action (DPoA) and strongly committed to its implementation throughout the coming decade.
- The declaration also requested the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General to ensure the full mobilization and coordination of all parts of the UN system to facilitate coordinated implementation of the Doha Programme of Action
- Doha Programme of Action (DPoA) for the Least Developed Countries was adopted at the first part of the LDC5 conference held in New York
- It is a 10-year plan to put the world’s 46 most vulnerable countries back on track to achieving the UN-mandated Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
- DPoA (2022-2031) consisted of six key focus areas:
- eradicating poverty;
- leveraging the potential of science and technology;
- addressing climate change;
- environmental degradation;
- recovering from COVID-19 pandemic;
- building resilience against future shocks for risk-informed sustainable development;
Least developed countries (LDCs):
- They are low-income countries confronting severe structural impediments to sustainable development.
- They are highly vulnerable to economic and environmental shocks.
- Currently, there are 46 countries on the United Nations’ list of LDCs.
- Africa (33);
- Asia (9);
- Caribbean (1): Haiti;
- Pacific (3): Kiribati, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu.