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What is Dying Declaration?

‘Dying Declaration’:

A special CBI court on July 16 convicted two policemen and awarded them life sentences for the custodial death of a murder accused, who was burnt alive inside a police station in Karnal.

  • The judgment relied heavily on the ‘dying declaration’ made by the victim prior to his death.
  • The law presumes that no person will meet their maker with a lie in their mouth. So Section 32 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 deals with cases in which statement of relevant fact is made by a person who is dead or cannot be found.
  • The general rule under Section 60 of the Act is that all oral evidence must be direct — he heard it, saw it or perceived it.
  • The grounds of admission under a dying declaration have been based on two broad rules —
    • one, the victim being generally the only principal eye-witness to the crime; and
    • two, the sense of impending death, which creates a sanction equal to the obligation of an oath.