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DURGA II Laser Weapon

DURGA II Laser Weapon:

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has sought USD 100 million from the Ministry of Defence to develop a high-power laser weapon, named Directionally Unrestricted Ray-Gun Array (DURGA) II, a lightweight directed energy weapon (DEW).

  • It is a 100-kilowatt lightweight DEW and can be used by armed forces.
  • It aims to provide the Indian armed forces with cutting-edge technology capable of neutralising various threats, including drones, missiles, and artillery shells.
  • Directed-Energy Weapons (DEWs) is a type of weapon system that emits highly focused energy, typically in the form of lasers, microwaves, or particle beams, to incapacitate or destroy targets.
  • Unlike traditional firearms or explosives which rely on kinetic energy (physical impact), DEWs use directed energy to achieve their effects.
  • Types:
    • Laser Weapons: It uses a concentrated beam of coherent light to heat and damage the target.
      They can be used for various purposes, including target destruction, missile defence, and disabling electronics.
    • Microwave Weapons: They emit electromagnetic radiation in the microwave frequency range to disrupt or damage electronic systems, such as computers, sensors, or communication devices.
    • Particle Beam Weapons: They accelerate charged or neutral particles to high velocities and direct them towards the target to cause damage through kinetic energy transfer or ionisation effects.
  • It has advantages including precision targeting, rapid engagement, reduced collateral damage, and potentially lower costs per shot.
  • DEWs are believed to be the sole answer to virtually ‘unstoppable’ hypersonic missiles.
  • They have applications in military defence, homeland security, space exploration, and law enforcement.
  • It transmits lethal force at the speed of light.
  • These weapons are not affected by the constraining effects of gravity or atmospheric drag, making them extremely precise.