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Member countries of Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) will meet to discuss their next steps, after Niger’s military junta defied their deadline to reinstate the country’s ousted president.

  • ECOWAS is the West African nation’s regional group which was established in 1975 through the Lagos Treaty.
  • Aim is to have a single common currency and create a single, large trading bloc in areas of industry, transport, telecommunications, energy, financial issues, and social and cultural matters.
  • Member countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cote d’ Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Senegal and Togo. Around 400 million people live in this region.
  • These countries have both cultural and geopolitical ties and shared common economic interest.
  • Headquarters: Abuja, Nigeria.
  • Beyond the goals of economic cooperation, ECOWAS has attempted to quell military conflicts in the region.
  • ECOWAS also operated a regional peacekeeping operation known as ECOMOG, led by Nigeria in the 1990s and early 2000s.