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Genome Sequencing Of Jamun

Genome Sequencing Of Jamun:


The Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Bhopal have conducted the first-ever genome sequencing of the jamun tree (Syzygium cumini).

  • The study aimed to gain insights into the genomic and evolutionary basis of jamun’s medicinal properties.
  • The research team used Oxford Nanopore and 10x Genomics sequencing technologies to sequence the S. cumini genome.
  • The analysis revealed a higher number of coding genes in the jamun genome, suggesting a neopolyploidy event.
  • The study identified key genes involved in the adaptive evolution of jamun, contributing to its anti-diabetic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • A neopolyploidy event refers to the occurrence of polyploidy, a condition in which an organism has multiple sets of chromosomes, leading to an increase in the number of chromosomes in its cells.
  • Polyploidy can arise through different mechanisms, including errors during cell division or hybridization between different species